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Cameras and Image Capture

Approved Cameras

90% of the total runtime of a final program should be captured on approved cameras. For nonfiction content, this threshold may be more flexible. Any exceptions must be discussed with the relevant Netflix project lead.

The cameras listed meet the minimum resolution and capture requirements listed below. This list is being continually updated as new camera systems are evaluated.

 

ARRI

Camera   Effective Pixels Preferred Recording Format

ARRI Alexa LF

Camera Guide

Arri_Alexa_LF.jpg 4.5K: 4448x3096

- ARRIRAW

- ProRes 4444

- Approved for anamorphic capture

ARRI Alexa Mini LF

Camera Guide

Arri_Alexa_LF.jpg 4.5K: 4448x3096

- ARRIRAW

- ProRes 4444

- Approved for anamorphic capture

ARRI Alexa 65

Camera Guide

ARRI_Alexa_65.jpg 6K:6560x3100

- ARRIRAW

- Approved for anamorphic capture

 

Canon

Camera   Effective Pixels Preferred Recording Format

Canon C300 Mk II

Camera Guide

Canon_C300_Mk_II.jpg 4K: 4096x2160

- Canon RAW

- XF-AVC (4K)

Canon C300 Mk III

Camera Guide

C300_and_Sumire.jpg 4K: 4096x2160

- Cinema RAW Light

- XF-AVC (4K)

Canon C500 Mk II

Camera Guide

EOSR2322.jpg 5.9K: 5952x3140

- Cinema RAW Light

- XF-AVC (4K)

- Approved for anamorphic capture

Canon C500

Camera Guide

Canon_C500.png 4K: 4096x2160

- Canon RAW

Canon C700

Camera Guide

Canon_C700.jpg

4K: 4096x2160

4.5K: 4512x2376

- Canon RAW 

- XF-AVC (4K)

- ProRes HQ (4K)

Canon C700 FF

Camera Guide

Canon_C700.jpg

RAW FF: 5952 x 3140

RAW 2.35: 5952x2532

4K: 4096 x 2160

UHD: 3840 x 2160

- Canon RAW 

- XF-AVC (4K)

- ProRes HQ (4K)

- Approved for anamorphic capture

 

Panasonic

Camera   Effective Pixels Preferred Recording Format

Panasonic
VariCam 35

Camera Guide

varicam_35_with_expressp2_card_side_sep2014_low.jpg 4K: 4096x2160

- V-RAW

- AVC-Intra4K

Panasonic
VariCam LT

Camera Guide

Panasonic_VariCam_LT.jpg 4K: 4096x2160

- V-RAW

- AVC-Intra4K

Panasonic
VariCam Pure

Camera Guide

Panasonic_VariCam_Pure.jpg 4K: 4096x2160

- V-RAW

Panasonic AU-EVA1

Camera Guide

panasonic-au-eva1.jpg 4K: 4096x2160

- 422 All-I 400Mb/s*

*Firmware 2.02 or higher required

Panasonic S1H

Camera Guide

S1H_S-E2470_slant_K__1_.jpg 4K: 4096x2160

- 422 All-I 400Mb/s

Panasonic
AK-UC4000

img_uc4000_06.jpg UHD: 3840x2160

- Baseband Video

 

RED

Camera   Effective Pixels Preferred Recording Format

RED DSMC2 / WEAPON MONSTRO 8K VV

Camera Guide

Red_8k_VV_Monstro.jpg 8K: 8192x4320

- REDCODE RAW (up to 8:1)

- Approved for anamorphic capture

RED WEAPON DRAGON 8K VV

Camera Guide

Red_8k_VV_Monstro.jpg 8K: 8192x4320

- REDCODE RAW (up to 6:1)

- Approved for anamorphic capture

RED DSMC2 / WEAPON HELIUM 8K S35

Camera Guide

Red_8K_S35_Helium.jpg 8K: 8192x4320

- REDCODE RAW (up to 8:1)

- Approved for anamorphic capture

RED EPIC-W HELIUM 8K S35

Camera Guide

Red_8K_S35_Helium.jpg 8K: 8192x4320

- REDCODE RAW (up to 8:1)

- Approved for anamorphic capture

RED WEAPON DRAGON 6K S35

Camera Guide

Red_6K_Dragon.jpg 6K: 6144x3160

- REDCODE RAW (up to 6:1)

- Approved for anamorphic capture

RED EPIC DRAGON 6K S35

Camera Guide

Red_6K_Dragon.jpg 6K: 6144x3160

- REDCODE RAW (up to 6:1)

- Approved for anamorphic capture

RED DSMC2 / EPIC-W GEMINI 5K S35

Camera Guide

Red_5K_Gemini.jpg 5K: 5120x3000

- REDCODE RAW (up to 8:1)

- Approved for anamorphic capture

RED SCARLET-W DRAGON 5K S35

Camera Guide

Red_5K_Scarlet-W_Dragon.jpg 5K: 5120x2700 - REDCODE RAW (up to 6:1)

RED RAVEN 4.5K

Camera Guide

Red_4.5K_Raven_Dragon.jpg 4.5K: 4608x2160 - REDCODE RAW (up to 6:1)

RED RANGER MONSTRO 8K VV

Camera Guide

RED_RANGER.jpg 8K: 8192x4320

- REDCODE RAW (up to 8:1)

- Approved for anamorphic capture

RED RANGER HELIUM 8K S35

Camera Guide

RED_RANGER.jpg 8K: 8192x4320

- REDCODE RAW (up to 8:1)

- Approved for anamorphic capture

RED RANGER GEMINI 5K S35

Camera Guide

RED_RANGER.jpg 5K: 5120x3000

- REDCODE RAW (up to 8:1)

- Approved for anamorphic capture

RED DSMC2 DRAGON-X 6K S35

Camera Guide

dragon-x_5k.jpg 6K: 6144x3160 - REDCODE RAW (up to 6:1)

 

Panavision

Camera   Effective Pixels Preferred Recording Format

Panavision DXL2

Camera Guide 

Panavision_DXL.jpg 8K: 8192x4320

- REDCODE RAW (up to 8:1)

- Approved for anamorphic capture

 

Sony

Camera   Effective Pixels Preferred Recording Format

Sony Venice

Camera Guide

Sony_Venice.jpg 6K: 6048x4032

- RAW (up to 4096x2160)

- X-OCN

- XAVC-I

- Approved for anamorphic capture

Sony FX9

Camera Guide

fx9.jpg 4K: 4096x2160

- XAVC-I (4k)

Sony F55

Camera Guide

Sony_F55.jpg 4K: 4096x2160

- F55RAW

- X-OCN

- XAVC-I (4K)

Sony F65

Sony_F65.jpg 4K: 4096x2160

- F65RAW

- F65RAW-LITE

- XAVC-I (4K)

Sony FS7 / FS7 II

Camera Guide

Sony_F7.jpg 4K: 4096x2160 - XAVC-I (4K) 

Sony F5

Camera Guide

Sony_F5.jpg 4K: 4096x2160

- XAVC-I (4K)*

*4K upgrade license required

Sony HDC-4300

Camera Guide

Sony_HDC4300.jpg 4K: 4096x2160  

- 4K Baseband Video

Sony PXW-Z450

Camera Guide

Sony_PXW-Z450.jpeg UHD: 3840x2160

- XAVC-I QFHD 300 mode

Sony PXW-Z750

Camera Guide

Z750.png UHD: 3840x2160

- XAVC-I QFHD 300 mode

 

Blackmagic

Camera   Effective Pixels Preferred Recording Format

Blackmagic Design URSA Mini 4.6K

Camera Guide

Blackmagic_Design_URSA_Mini_4.6K.jpg 4.6K: 4608x2592

- CinemaDNG RAW (up to 4:1)

Blackmagic Design URSA Mini Pro 4.6K

Camera Guide

URSA_Mini_Pro.jpg 4.6K: 4608x2592 - Blackmagic RAW (up to 5:1) 

Blackmagic Design URSA Mini PRO 4.6K G2

Camera Guide

URSA_Mini_Pro.jpg 4.6K: 4608x2592 - Blackmagic RAW (up to 5:1) 

 

Camera Requirements

Please note, not all cameras that meet these requirements will be approved as primary cameras. These requirements are the minimum specifications necessary for consideration. Other attributes must be taken into account such as dynamic range, form factor, stability, workflow compatibility etc.

 

Resolution Requirements:

  • Camera must have a true 4K UHD sensor (equal to or greater than 3840 photosites wide).

 

Capture Requirements:

  • Capture Format
    • RAW (X-OCN, REDCODE, Arriraw etc.)
    • COMPRESSED (XAVC, AVC-Intra, ProRes, or other I-Frame capable formats)
    • Minimum of 16-bit Linear or 10-bit Log processing
    • Minimum data-rate of Bitrate of 240 Mbps at 23.98 fps
  • Capture Transfer Function
    • S-Log3, Log-C, V-Log, Log3G10, etc.
  • Capture Color Space
    • S-Gamut3.cine, RED Wide Gamut RGB, Alexa Wide Gamut, etc.
  • No looks or color corrections should be baked into the original camera files.
  • Files must maintain all metadata (i.e. Tape Name, Timecode, Frame Rate, ISO, WB, etc.).

 

Black Balancing:

  • If applicable, black balancing of camera sensors should be done daily, when the camera is at normal operating temperature. See specific black balancing instructions in the camera operating manual.

 

Aspect Ratio / Framing:

  • Aspect ratios greater than 2.00:1 must be evaluated and discussed with Netflix for approval.
  • Framing chart must be shot before principal photography begins, and processed through the dailies pipeline which will be shared with editorial, post-production, and VFX.

 

Anamorphic Lenses:

  • If anamorphic lenses are being considered, camera selection must take into account the extra resolution required for capture. Contact your Netflix project lead to discuss implications or concerns.

 

Secondary Cameras:

  • Any cameras other than the primary camera (crash, POV, drone, underwater, etc.) must be approved by Netflix.
  • Footage from non-approved cameras will count towards the total allotment of non-approved capture. The allotment is based on content used in the final edit (per episode if applicable) and not on the total captured content.
  • Test footage should be shot and provided to dailies and post-production to ensure compatibility with primary camera.

 

Spanned Clips:

  • Allowing a camera to record spanned clips (single takes spread out on multiple camera cards) is inadvisable. Please avoid this recording method if it is not absolutely necessary.

 

Film Cameras:

  • For productions seeking to shoot any photochemical film, please contact your relevant Netflix project lead.

 


Change Log:

2020-06-29

  • Approved Cameras: Canon C300 MKIII has been added.

2020-01-21

  • Approved Cameras: The following cameras were added to the "Approved Cameras" list.
    • Canon C500 MKII
    • Sony FX9

2019-11-08

  • Approved Cameras: Updated the acceptable "Recording Formats" for both the Blackmagic Design URSA Mini Pro 4.6K and Blackmagic Design URSA Mini Pro 4.6K G2 to "Blackmagic RAW (up to 5:1)".

2019-10-23

  • Approved Cameras: Added Panasonic S1H.

2019-10-15

  • Approved Cameras: The Blackmagic Design URSA Mini Pro 4.6K G2 had previously been added to the list September 4th 2019, however table image was not updated correctly. This issue has been addressed and the table updated.

2019-10-14

  • Approved Cameras: Added the RED RANGER GEMINI and RED RANGER HELIUM.

2019-10-10

  • Approved Cameras: Added the ARRI Alexa Mini LF.

2019-09-30

  • Explicitly listed "AVC-Intra" as an option within the "Capture Requirements" section in order to provide additional clarity.
  • Removed the 80% hard limit for nonfiction content on unapproved cameras however any exceptions must be discussed with the relevant Netflix project lead.

2019-04-24

  • Rearranged article so that "Approved Cameras" are listed first.
  • Updated guidance listed under "Film Cameras".

2019-04-02

  • Approved Cameras: Added wording outlining minimum thresholds for content amount captured on approved cameras.
  • Minor editoral changes.

2019-04-01

  • Panasonic: Panasonic UC4000 added.

2019-03-05

  • Approved Cameras: Wording added to clarify the distinction between a camera being able to meet the capture requirements vs being an approved primary camera.

2019-02-25

  • RED: RED Dragon-X and RED Ranger added.

2019-02-15

  • Sony Venice Firmware Advisory has been removed.

2018-12-18

  • Recording Format: Renamed to Capture Requirements and reformatted for clarity.
  • Anamorphic Lenses: Added section covering use of anamorphic lenses.
  • Secondary Cameras: Added additional information relating to their use.
  • Spanned Clips: Section moved, no change in information.
  • Approved Cameras: Added new language around use of broadcast cameras.

2018-11-29

  • Film Cameras: Added new language around use of photochemical film.

2018-10-15

  • Camera Requirements: Added information regarding "Spanned Clips" and how this recording method should be avoided.

2018-08-30

  • Canon: Canon C700 FF has been added.

2018-08-17

  • Sony: Production Technology Advisory has been issued for the Sony Venice.
  • Panavision: Added link to detailed camera production guide for the DXL2.

2018-07-30

  • Canon: C500 - XF-AVC has been removed as a "Recording Format".

2018-07-03

  • Camera Requirements: Instances of "4K" updated to "4K UHD"
  • Sony: With the release of v2.0 firmware for Sony Venice the previously referenced PDF listing v1.0 limitations has been deprecated and removed from this article.

2018-06-06

  • Panavision: Updated camera name from Panavision DXL to Panavision DXL2. Recording Format changed from REDCODE RAW (up to 6:1) to - REDCODE RAW (up to 8:1)
  • Sony: Updated camera name from FS7 to FS7 / FS7 II
  • Added links to detailed camera production guides under each table.

2018-05-24

  • RED: All approved RED cameras are now on the list.
  • Sony: PDF has been made available relating to firmware limitations (which are significant) on the Sony Venice.

2018-04-06

  • Panasonic AU-EVA1 added to list.

2018-04-02

  • Recording Format: Updated "Log color space (i.e. S-Log3..." to "COMPRESSED (Log Gamma - i.e. S-Log3..." for clarity.

2018-03-26

  • Black Balancing: Changed "Black balancing of camera sensors..." to "If applicable, black balancing of camera sensors..."
  • ARRI Alexa LF: Updated Recording Format from "ProRes 4444 XQ" to "ProRes 422 HQ (or higher)"
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