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KNP Source Term Creation Guideline 

Criteria

Principle 1

Fewer is better.

The terms must be plot-pertinent and must appear in dialogue or on-screen text (excluding the ones appear in scripts but never made it into the dialogue).

1. Person

a)- Main characters’ names;

b)- Exclude the names of historical figures whose localized names can be found on credible      dictionaries/websites, e.g., George Washington, Donald Trump

2. Location

a)- Main fictional location, e.g., Neverland;

b)- Plot-pertinent but not a well-known, real, location

c)- Exclude non-fictional locations with localized names found in credible dictionaries/websites, e.g. US, Russia;

Organization

a)- Main fictional organization/company names, e.g., Avengers;

b)- Plot-pertinent real organization/company names that are not well-known, e.g., Caffè Sicilia

c)- Exclude well-known non-fictional organizations with localized names found in credible dictionaries/websites, e.g., UN, Apple, Microsoft

Phrases

Phrases can include plot-pertinent recurrent fictional item names, catchphrases, or anything important but do not belong to all other categories.

a)- Key phrases, e.g., “Sweet Christmas” (Luke Cage); “How you doin'?” (Friends)

b)- Fictional items, e.g., Deck (Star Trek)


Principle 2

Please follow this template when adding relevant information about the same character:

1. First Name and Last Name as one entry, which would be the “main term”.

E.g., Barbara Holland

2. Create a separate entry for each AKA and add notes referring to the main term. The notes should always start with “AKA for” so that the tool will append them to the main entry in the future. If extra note needs to be added, add AKA for xxx in first line. then any additional note in separate line below the AKA.

E.g., [Source term]: Barb, [Note]: AKA for Barbara Smith.

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Check for existing entries before adding new ones, and modify existing entries if present.

Who Creates KNP Source Terms and How

Only the following parties should create and lock source terms and source term notes in the KNP tool:

1. English Template Editor (via Originator/KNP Tool):

This process should start as soon as the script is available.

  1. English template editor should run the script-parser to generate a raw source term list
  2. The same editor watches the content and assigns weight to each item
  3. Consolidate and delete non-significant entries depending on the frequency or use his/her judgement
  4. The editor should go back to the script/show guide to fill in the context if available [requirement:
    1. gender, age,
    2. Relationship with other major characters;
    3. Explanation if nickname present
      1. E.g.: Hernan "Shades" Alvarez: Male, 40, sent by Diamondback to help Stokes. He always wears sunglasses.
  5. The editor reviews and locks the source terms and dubbing producers will check and gauge source term creation completeness by looking for the locked status
  6. Dubbing Producers review the source terms.

2. G11n Linguist:

If metadata localization happens before English template editors begin work, G11n linguists can add source terms and their respective target translations as they deem fit and lock the entries.

3. Marketing Trailer Team:

Similar to G11n linguists, trailer localization happens before English template editors begin work, trailer teams should add source terms and their respective target translations as they deem fit and lock the entries.

Appendix 1: Questions to ask yourself before adding a source term

  • Is it the name of a main character? 
    E.g., Friends
    Joey Tribbiani (a main character who appears in almost all episodes) => Yes
    Stephanie Schiffer (a singer who only appears in one episode) => No
  • Is it a plot-pertinent location/organization? Is it fictional or real?
    E.g., Friends
    Central Perk (the fictional coffee house where main characters always hanging out) => Yes
    New York (Well-known real location) => No
    E.g., Chef’s table
    Milk bar (a real bakery but not well-known in other countries )=>Yes

Appendix 2: Examples of a good KNP

Example 1: Friends
Genre: Sitcom
A Comedy Series about 6 young friends living in New York City.

TYPE

NAME

SOURCE TERM NOTES

PERSON

Rachel Green

Female, a fashion enthusiast and Monica Geller's best friend from childhood.

PERSON

Monica Geller

Ross Geller's younger sister. A chef.

PERSON

Ross Geller

Monica Geller's older brother. A paleontologist.

PERSON

Phoebe Buffay

An eccentric masseuse and self-taught musician.

PERSON

Joey Tribbiani

Male, a struggling actor and food lover who becomes famous later. A simple-minded womanizer with many short-term girlfriends.

PERSON

Chandler Bing

Male, an executive in statistical analysis and data reconfiguration for a large, multinational corporation.

LOCATION

Central Perk

A coffee house in New York

PHRASE

How you doin'?

Joey often uses the catchphrase pick-up line in his attempts to win over most of the women he meets.

PHRASE

could I BE...

Chandler's most famous catchphrase

 

Example 2: Chef’s table: Season 4 (Episode 1-3) 

Genre: Documentary

Each episode of the series profiles a single world-renowned chef.

TYPE

NAME

SOURCE TERM NOTES

PERSON

Will Goldfarb

[Ep401]Male, owner of Room 4 Dessert

LOCATION

Room 4 Dessert

[Ep401]Will Goldfarb's dessert restaurant, originally located in New York.

PERSON

Christina Tosi

[Ep402]Female, owner of Milk Bar

LOCATION

Milk Bar

[Ep402]Momofuku Milk Bar. Bakery of Christina Tosi. Opened in New York with other growing locations.

PHRASE

Cereal Milk

[Ep402]A trademark brand of Christina Tosi.

PERSON

Corrado Assenza

[Ep403]Male, owner of Caffe Sicilia

LOCATION

Caffè Sicilia

[Ep403]Corrado Assenza's restaurant, located in Noto, Sicily, Italy.

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